Scene Perception

Scene Perception
(A special issue of the Journal of Eye Movement Research)
Edited by Benjamin W. Tatler
Publication date: 2008

In this special issue we consider a range of current approaches to understanding aspects of how we visually inspect and encode scenes. This issue follows up a symposium on natural scene perception that was held at the 14th European Conference on Eye Movements in Potsdam in 2007. In this period of extensive and diverse study of scene perception it is important to consider how the variety of approaches and topics studied relate to one another and to the overall aim of this area of visual Psychology. Ultimately our aim must be to understand how vision serves our operation during natural behaviour in real environments. Yet, due to obvious technological and methodological limitations, much of the scene perception work to date has used simplified stimuli and experimental paradigms that fall short of truly natural settings. To achieve the necessary experimental rigour it has been necessary to tackle issues of scene perception under conditions that allow greater experimental control. The balance between naturalness and control in recent years has often come from using photographic images of natural scenes or computer rendered scenes. It is these two-dimensional representations of real scenes that are those studied in most of the papers that comprise this special issue. Dynamic movie sequences offer a step between static 2D scenes and real 3D environments and are beginning to be used by a number of research groups working in this area. The penultimate paper of this special issue shows one aspect of how dynamic scenes can be employed to further our knowledge of the perceptual processes operating when we view scenes.

Contents

Semantic Override of Low-level Features in Image Viewing – Both Initially and Overall
Marcus Nyström and Kenneth Homlqvist

Fixation sequences in imagery and in recognition during the processing of pictures of real-world scenes
Katherine Humphrey and Geoffrey Underwood

Visual fixation durations and saccade amplitudes: Shifting relationship in a variety of conditions
Sebastian Pannasch, Jens R. Helmert, Katharina Roth, Ann-Katrin Herbold and Henrik Walter

Systematic tendencies in scene viewing
Benjamin W. Tatler and Benjamin T. Vincent

Edit blindness: the relationship between attention and global change blindness in dynamic scenes
Tim J. Smith and John M. Henderson

Transsaccadic Scene Memory Revisited: A “Theory of Visual Attention (TVA)” Based Approach to Recognition memory and Confidence for Objects in Naturalistic Scenes
Melissa L-H. Võ, Werner X. Schneider and Ellen Matthias

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